Tips for Paralegals and Litigation Support Professionals

Tips for Paralegals and Litigation Support Professionals – September 2022

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Most people will have a used a power strip with a surge protector at some point – this will shut off an electrical current when the power becomes too high.

If you are setting up audio-visual equipment in a courtroom or other building with an older electrical system it may be wise to also use a line (or power) conditioner which will control the voltage which hardware receives. More modern electrical systems will have line conditioners built-in, but many older facilities will lack them.

Low voltage dips will put stress on electrical devices and cause them to fail. A line conditioner will keep the voltage with a safe range.

A typical line conditioner will look like this model:

The power cords from multiple laptops, printers, and other devices can be plugged into the line conditioner, and the line conditioner’s power cord will be plugged to a wall outlet.

The line conditioner should have warning lights which indicate when the power is too high or too low.

9/9/2022 – AT TRIAL . . .

Just beginning a two-month long trial so I only have time for a few quick tips:

  • your Apple watch can still receive a phone call when your iPhone is shut down. Take it off wifi to prevent it from making a disturbance.
  • stamping exhibits with page level numbering may remove bookmarks.
  • OnCue appears to be the electronic presentation software most favored by trial techs these days because of its superior video clip editing tools.


Many court reporters are still using serial cables to run realtime feeds to attorney laptops in court. Since few laptops manufactured in recent years will have a serial port, an adapter will be needed.

However, as I noticed recently during the setup of audio visual equipment for a trial in New York state court, these adapters will not ‘plug and play’. You’ll need to have the correct drivers which may not be easy to locate online, particularly if you are stuck with an adapter unmarked with any brand name or model number.

Bring your own adapters and hold onto the disc with the drivers! This technological anachronism may not be manufactured by a company that posts them on the web!


When opening an encrypted zip file in Windows Explorer you may get an error message indicating that a destination file could not be created.

While this can result if you try to extract files to a directory that you don’t have read / write permissions for, it may also be caused by Windows Explorer not being able to prompt the user for the entry of a password. Tonight, when I experienced this problem, I tried opening the file in 7Zip which did prompt me for a password, and I was able to successfully extract and open the zipped files.


The tip of the night for October 11, 2020 discussed the open source program that can be used with almost any scanner, Not Another PDF Scanner (NAPS).

When using this application in order to access the options for the document scanner, you need to select the ‘Use native UI’ radial button.

When this is selected after you click the scan ‘play’ button, a dialog box will come up that will let you choose between using the automatic document feeder or the flatbed; select the color format; and designate the image file type.

Sean O'Shea on Email
Sean O'Shea
Litigation Paralegal
Sean O’Shea began working as a litigation support analyst at Brobeck, Phleger & Harrison LLP in 1998, near the dawn of the electronic discovery era. From assisting clients with the implementation of information governance policies, to conducting electronic presentations for attorneys at trials, he has been involved in all aspects of litigation support work. Sean is a Relativity Certified Administrator and an ACEDS Certified E-Discovery Specialist. He’s currently employed as a litigation paralegal in New York City, and continues to advise attorneys on legal technology. Look for a new tip on each night on

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