Stephanie Wilkins and Rhys Dipshan: The Artificial Intelligence Glossary

Extract from Stephanie Wilkins and Rhys Dipshan’s article “The Artificial Intelligence Glossary”

Artificial intelligence is dominating conversations across all industries, including legal. To help legal professionals navigate this fast evolving space, below, we define many of the key terms and concepts relating to AI. This glossary will be continually updated as new developments emerge.

Algorithm: In AI, a set of instructions or programming that tells a computer what to do in order to allow the machine to learn to operate on its own to solve a specific problem or perform a specific task. 

Artificial Intelligence (AI): The branch of computer science focused on the theory, development and design of computer systems that have the ability to mimic human intelligence and thought or perform tasks that normally require human intelligence.

Bard: A chatbot tool released by Google in February 2023, based on the LaMDA large language model.

Chatbot: A computer program that “converses” with its user. Rule- or flow-based chatbots deliver pre-written answers in response to questions and cannot deviate from this content. AI-based chatbots are more dynamic, can pull from larger databases of information, and can learn more over time. These are built on top of conversational AI.

ChatGPT: A commercially available chatbot from Open AI, based on the GPT-3.5 large language model, also known as text-davinci-003, that was released on November 30, 2022.

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